MedicInform.Net - портал о медицине, здоровье, психологии


Страницы: (2) [1] 2  ( Перейти к первому непрочитанному сообщению ) Ответ в тему Создание новой темы Создание опроса

>

АНОНС: Научные основы гомеопатии.

, Литературный обзор.
Вадим
Дата 24.04.2006 - 16:55
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






Научные основы гомеопатии.

Юсупов Г. А.
К.м.н. ОАО «Холдинг ЭДАС»
Отсутствие молекул исходного вещества в гомеопатических препаратах высоких разведений является основным аргументом, указывающим на необходимость исследований в области квантово-волновой физики для научного обоснования гомеопатии. Научные и экспериментальные исследования должны дать ответы на главные вопросы теоретической гомеопатии:
• Какой фактор и механизм способствует в процессе потенцирования обретению терапевтических свойств гомеопатическими лекарствами?
• Каков механизм реализации лечебного действия гомеопатических препаратов?
• Почему с повышением разведений спектр действия гомеопатического препарата становится шире, эффективность выше и «глубина» больше?
http://www.medlinks.ru/article.php?sid=25309
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
AdBot
Цитировать сообщение




Спасибо за Ваше понимание!













Вверх
Dmitry
Дата 24.04.2006 - 22:39
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Супермодераторы
Сообщений: 1521
Регистрация: 6.06.2003
Репутация: 1






Вадим, будь внимателен, пожалуйста, в теме анонса статьи надо писать "АНОНС".
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователюСайт пользователя
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 29.04.2006 - 18:06
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






ЧТО ТАКОЕ ГОМЕОПАТИЧЕСКИЙ ФАКТОР?
Комиссаренко А.А., Салычева Л.В., Гаврилов Ю.В., Джикаева Г.Ю.
Санкт Петербург.
В настоящее время все чаще поднимается вопрос о природе гомеопатического фактора. Под этим фактором понимают способность активных веществ в сверхвысоких разведениях (потенцированных веществ), даже при отсутствии в растворе молекул растворяемого вещества, воздействовать на биологические объекты.
В современной литературе представлено много сведений о чрезвычайно высокой чувствительности биологических объектов к различным влияниям низкой интенсивности, в том числе и гомеопатическому воздействию. Так, обонятельные клетки реагируют на единичные молекулы пахучего вещества, а зрительные рецепторы на отдельные кванты света. Энергия только в 10-24 ватта создает импульсацию от волосковых слуховых рецепторов, а порог слышимости определяется отклонением мембраны всего в 10-10 м, что приблизительно соответствует диаметру атома водорода. Разбавленный в 125 тысяч раз сок чеснока подавляет рост стафилококков, стрептококков, вибрионов.
Как подчеркивает академик Н.А.Тушмалова, общебиологическая проблема реагирования живых организмов разного уровня эволюционного развития на сверхмалые воздействия факторов окружающей среды и на влияние ультрамалых доз биологически активных веществ интересует сегодня представителей разных областей знаний.
Адекватная оценка эффективности сверхмалых доз биологически активных веществ, применяемых в гомеопатии, во многом зависит от учета результатов исследований в новых научных дисциплинах. Среди них такие, как "гормезис", "ultra high dilution" (сверхвысокие разведения), "ultra low doses" (сверхмалые дозы) и др.
В настоящее время изучение фундаментальных основ гомеопатии базируется на общепризнанных методиках других естественнонаучных дисциплин. Результаты многочисленных работ явились основанием для признания гомеопатии официальной наукой и стимулировали активное использование этого метода не только с целью лечения различных заболеваний, но и для защиты от всевозможных экзотоксинов и инфекционных заболеваний.
Еще в 1924 году Ж.Лаховский опытным путем показал, что каждая живая клетка является передатчиком и приемником информации. В наше время эту мысль развили и подтвердили целым рядом оригинальных экспериментов В.П.Казначеев и его сотрудники.
По мнению Е.А.Дегтяревой, исследования в области сверхмалых доз, развитие физической химии, достижения физиологии и фармакологии, открытие роли ферментов и микроэлементов, существующих в биологических объектах в дозах, аналогичных сверхвысоким разведениям, открытия в иммунологии и генетике позволили выявить многие стороны механизмов воздействия на организм сверхмалых доз биологически активных веществ.
J.Noval et al. установили, что наиболее эффективным переносчиком информации в организме являются электромагнитные волны крайне низких частот. Сейчас уже большинство исследователей приходят к выводу об информационно-волновом воздействии сверхвысоких разведений активных веществ на живые клетки. Основу таким выводам заложили фундаментальные работы R.Becker, I.Cohen и других ученых. Это также подтверждают эксперименты C.Bomoroni, J.Benveniste et al., обнаружившие изменение активности гомеопатических препаратов под воздействием факторов, влияющих на электромагнитные волны, таких как ультразвуковое облучение, электромагнитные колебания, высокая температура и т.д.
Огромное число фактов лечебного воздействия препаратов, в которых отсутствуют молекулы лекарственных веществ и присутствует лишь информация о них, в сравнении с действием на организм концентрированных веществ, подтверждают, что гомеопатический феномен является частным случаем общебиологического закона Арндта-Шульца, гласящего, что слабые раздражения усиливают биологические влияния, сильные - тормозят, сверхсильные - угнетают.
F.Morell (1960) установил, что активным началом потенцированных лекарств является информация, передающаяся в виде электромагнитных волн. Всякое разведение вещества в растворе, как показал Ф.Вернер, сопровождается смещением фазы электромагнитной волны, несущей информацию о растворенном веществе. При полном выведении ксенобиотика это смещение достигает полуфазы, и вольтаж волны информационного следа становится обратным вольтажу колебаний молекул самого вещества. В результате разнонаправленного вольтажа одинаковых электромагнитных волн происходит их взаимопогашение, что является физической составляющей гомеопатического феномена.
Естественно, в организме существуют механизмы выделения необходимой информации из бесконечного разнообразия электромагнитных волн с различными колебательными характеристиками, постоянно присутствующих в крови. R.Bolander, В.Я.Антонченко, В.И.Слесарев и А.В.Шабров считают, что в реализации воздействия сверхмалых доз биологически активных веществ на организм большую роль играет структурно-информационное свойство воды, выражающееся в способности воды воспринимать, запоминать и передавать информацию.
Выводы:
1. Активным началом препаратов в сверхвысоких разведениях является информация, передающаяся в виде электромагнитных волн.
2. Физическая сущность гомеопатического феномена заключается в смещении информационной волны разводимого вещества, которое приводит к погашению волны самого вещества.
3. Биологическая сущность заключается в информационно-волновой экспрессии генов, контролирующих защитные функции организма.
4. Для реализации гомеопатического феномена большое значение имеют физические свойства воды.
http://www.vet-homeopathy.ru/ru/stat/ksgj_ru.htm

PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 3.06.2006 - 09:06
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






Из статьи Е. Б. Бурлаковой, А. А. Конрадова, Е. Л. Мальцевой «Действие сверхмалых доз биологически активных веществ и низкоинтенсивных физических факторов» («Химическая физика». 2003. Т. 22, № 2).

"Вместе с тем нельзя не признать, что многие парадоксы сверхмалых доз, о которых здесь говорилось, весьма логично разрешаются на основе представлений об изменении структуры воды. Например, поддается объяснению тот факт, что знак и направление эффекта зависят в ряде случаев от начальных свойств биообъекта. Если у фермента высокая активность — она снижается, если низкая — повышается. Но самое поразительное, что уровень, до которого она изменяется, один и тот же. Это легко объясняется тем, что в растворе биологически активного вещества структура воды изменяет структуру белка одинаковым образом".
http://www.ntv.ru/gordon/archive/15872/
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 22.06.2006 - 18:13
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






http://anomalia.narod.ru/text7/086.htm

ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ МАТРИЦЫ И МОРФОГЕНЕЗ.
Известно, что современная генетика не монет ответить на вопросы, связанные с пространственным становлением живых объектов пользуясь только биохимическим и молекулярным подходом. В настоящее время назрела необходимость по новому взглянуть на процессы морфогенеза. В новом подходе недостаточно останавливаться только на генетическом программировании пространственного развития живых существ. Ряд исследователей: (Р. Кастлер, X. Равен), подсчитав количество информации в зиготе и в развивающемся организме, пришли к выводу, что КОЛИЧЕСТВО ИНФОРМАЦИИ В СФОРМИРОВАННОМ ОРГАНИЗМЕ ВОЗРАСТАЕТ НА НЕСКОЛЬКО ПОРЯДКОВ, ПО СРАВНЕНИЮ С ТОЙ, КОТОРАЯ БЫЛА В НАЧАЛЕ РАЗВИТИЯ. В сложившихся условиях не обойтись без теории пространственных информационных матриц, которые принимают непосредственное участие как в онтогенезе, так и в историческом развитии -филогенезе. Ниже приводится концепция пространственных информационных матриц, складывающих общее информационное поле.

… Никто сейчас не отрицает, что почти любая клетка организма несет всю генетическую программу. В ходе дифференцировки в различных органах начинает работать только та часть генетической программы, которая командует синтезом белков в каждом конкретном органе или даже отдельной клетке. А вот у информационного поля, наверное, нет такой специализации - оно всегда целое, т.к. это фрактал. Иначе просто не объяснить его сохранность даже в малой части организма.
Такое предположение не умозрительно. Чтобы показать целостность информационного поля в каждой части организма, возьмем удобные для этого живые существа. Есть в природе слизистый грибок миксомицет-диктиостелиум. У него любопытный жизненный цикл. Сначала его клетки как бы рассыпаны и ползают в виде амеб по почве, затем одна или несколько клеток выделяют вещество акразин, что служит сигналом "все ко мне". Амебы сползаются и образуют многоклеточный плазмодий, который становится червеобразным слизнем, выползает на сухое место и превращается в маленький грибок с круглой головкой, где находятся споры. Головка гриба стоит на тонкой ножке, а сам он имеет размеры всего 2 мм. Прямо-таки на глазах из клеток собирается причудливый организм, который как бы заполняет уже имеющееся информационное поле.
Ну, а если сократить количество сливающихся клеток, что получится - половина грибка, или целый? Экспериментаторы так и сделали в лаборатории. Такой эксперимент поставили, и оказалось, что из половины амеб получается той же формы грибок, но в два раза меньше по размерам. Оставили 1/4 клеток, они опять собрались и дали грибок со всеми присущими ему формами, только еще меньших размеров. Получается, что КАЖДАЯ ЧАСТЬ КЛЕТОК НЕСЕТ ИНФОРМАЦИЮ О ФОРМЕ, КОТОРУЮ ИМ НАДО СЛОЖИТЬ, СОБРАВШИСЬ ВМЕСТЕ. Правда, где-то есть предел, и малого количества клеток может не хватить для построения миксомицета. Однако, зная это, трудно отказаться от мысли, что форма грибка заложена в информационном поле еще тогда, когда организм рассыпан на отдельные клетки. Видимо, каждая клетка несет целостное информационное поле. При слиянии клеток их информационные поля суммируются, но это суммирование выглядит скорее как разрастание, раздувание одной и той же формы – организация фрактала…

Возможно, гомеопатическое лекарство и есть эта самая матрица?
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Filix
Дата 10.10.2006 - 19:23
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Интерн
***

Профиль
Группа: Пользователи
Сообщений: 142
Регистрация: 16.03.2006
Репутация: 0
Откуда: Москва






Да уж... В богатстве фантазии гомеопатам однозначно отказать нельзя. smile.gif
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 26.11.2006 - 12:23
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






Bibliometric analysis of homeopathy research during the period of 1991 to 2003
Tijdschrift: Scientometrics, Volume: 63, Issue: 1 (March 1, 2005), pp: 3-23
Auteurs: Chiu, W., Ho, Y.
Abstract: Summary
Homeopathy has been applied to clinical use since it was first presented 200 years ago. The use of the bibilometric analysis technique for examining this topic does not exist in the literature. The objective of this study is to conduct a bibliometric analysis of all homeopathy-related publications in Science Citation Index (SCI). A systematic search was performed using the SCI for publications during the period of 1991 to 2003. Selected documents included �Homoeopathy, Homoeopathic, Homeopathy, or Homeopathic� as a part of the title, abstract, or keywords. Analyzed parameters included authorship, patterns of international collaboration, journal, language, document type, research address, number of times cited, and reprint author�s address. Citation analysis was mainly based on the impact factor as defined by the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and on citations per publications (CPP), which is used to assess the impact relative to the entire field and is defined as the ratio between the average numbers of citations per publications in a certain period. Of total articles, 49% had a single author. The UK, the US, and Germany produced 71% of the total output, while European countries as a whole also contributed 65% of the total share of independent publications. English remains the dominant language, it comprised only 76%, while German contributed 18%, and the remaining where distributed among 8 European languages. More document types and languages, and fewer pages have appeared in homeopathy research. 3.5% of papers were cited more than 10 times in three years after publication, and 60% were never cited. Small-group collaboration was a popular method as co-authorship. The top 3 ranking countries of publication were the UK, the US, and Germany. The US dominated citation followed by the UK, and then Germany. In addition, a simulation model was applied to describe the relationship between the cumulative number of citations and the paper life.
http://www.kinabast.nl/index.php?option=co...id=80&Itemid=89
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 26.02.2007 - 17:39
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






http://eugenegp.livejournal.com/26209.html
Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
J Head Trauma Rehabil 1999 Dec;14(6):521-42 (ISSN: 0885-9701)
Chapman EH; Weintraub RJ; Milburn MA; Pirozzi TO; Woo E
Harvard University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) affects 750,000 persons in the United States annually. Five to fifteen percent have persistent dysfunction and disability. No effective, standard pharmacological treatment exists specifically for this problem. We designed a pilot research project to study the clinical effectiveness of homeopathic medicine in the treatment of persistent MTBI. METHOD: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 60 patients, with a four-month follow-up (N = 50), was conducted at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital (SRH). Patients with persistent MTBI (mean 2.93 years since injury, SD 3.1) were randomly assigned to receive a homeopathic medicine or placebo. The primary outcome measure was the subject-rated SRH-MBTI Functional Assessment, composed of three subtests: a Difficulty with Situations Scale (DSS), a Symptom Rating Scale (SRS), and a Participation in Daily Activities Scale (PDAS). The SRH Cognitive-Linguistic Test Battery was used as the secondary measure. RESULTS: Analysis of covariance demonstrated that the homeopathic treatment was the only significant or near-significant predictor of improvement on DSS subtests (P =.009; 95% CI -.895 to -.15), SRS (P =.058; 95% CI -.548 to.01) and the Ten Most Common Symptoms of MTBI (P =.027; 95% CI -.766 to -.048). These results indicate a significant improvement from the homeopathic treatment versus the control and translate into clinically significant outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that homeopathy may have a role in treating persistent MTBI. Our findings require large-scale, independent replication.

=======
A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication TRAUMEEL S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation.
Cancer 2001 Aug 1;92(3):684-90 (ISSN: 0008-543X)
Oberbaum M; Yaniv I; Ben-Gal Y; Stein J; Ben-Zvi N; Freedman LS; Branski D

BACKGROUND: Stomatitis is a common consequence of chemotherapy and a condition for which there is little effective treatment. Although the management of patients with other chemotherapy-related toxicities has improved in recent years, the incidence of stomatitis is increasing because of more intensive treatment and is often a dose limiting factor in chemotherapy. The authors assessed the efficacy of a homeopathic remedy, TRAUMEEL S®, in the management of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial was conducted in 32 patients ages 3-25 years who had undergone allogeneic (16 patients) or autologous (16 patients) stem cell transplantation. Of the 30 evaluable patients, 15 were assigned placebo, and 15 were assigned TRAUMEEL S both as a mouth rinse, administered five times daily from 2 days after transplantation for a minimum of 14 days, or until at least 2 days after all signs of stomatitis were absent. Stomatitis scores were evaluated according to the World Health Organization grading system for mucositis. RESULTS: A total of five patients (33%) in the TRAUMEEL S treatment group did not develop stomatitis compared with only one patient (7%) in the placebo group. Stomatitis worsened in only 7 patients (47%) in the TRAUMEEL S treatment group compared with 14 patients (93%) in the placebo group. The mean area under the curve stomatitis scores were 10.4 in the TRAUMEEL S treatment group and 24.3 in the placebo group. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that TRAUMEEL S may reduce significantly the severity and duration of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation.

=====
A randomized controlled trial comparing topical piroxicam gel with a homeopathic gel in osteoarthritis of the knee.
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000 Jul;39(7):714-9 (ISSN: 1462-0324)
van Haselen RA; Fisher PA

OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel vs an NSAID (piroxicam) gel in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. METHOD.: One hundred and eighty-four out-patients with radiographically confirmed symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were entered into a pragmatic, randomized, double-blind controlled trial and treated with 1 g of gel three times daily for 4 weeks. Main outcome measures were pain on walking as a Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and a single-joint Ritchie index. RESULTS.: One hundred and seventy-two of the 184 enrolled patients had endpoints for the main outcome parameters. The pain reduction was 16.5 mm VAS in the homeopathy group (n = 86) and 8.1 mm in the piroxicam group (n = 86); the difference between treatment groups was 8.4 mm (95% confidence interval 0.8-15.9), and after adjustment for pain at baseline it was 6.8 mm (95% confidence interval -0.3 to 13.8). There was no significant difference between treatment groups in the single-joint Ritchie index (P = 0.78). Adverse events occurred in 28 patients (12 homeopathy group, 5 withdrawn; 16 piroxicam group, 9 withdrawn); 18 of the events involved a local reaction (7 homeopathy group, 2 withdrawn; 11 piroxicam group, 5 withdrawn). CONCLUSION.: The homeopathic gel was at least as effective and as well tolerated as the NSAID gel. The presence of a clinically relevant difference between treatment groups cannot be excluded. The homeopathic gel supplemented by simple analgesics if required may provide a useful treatment option for patients with osteoarthritis.

=================
[Treatment of pain due to unwanted lactation with a homeopathic preparation given in the immediate post-partum period]
[Traitement de la douleur de la montee laiteuse non souhaitee par homeopathie dans le post-partum immediat.]
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 2001 Jun;30(4):353-7 (ISSN: 0368-2315)
Berrebi A; Parant O; Ferval F; Thene M; Ayoubi JM; Connan L; Belon P
Federation de Gynecologie-Obstetrique, Service de Pharmacie, CHU La Grave, 31052 Toulouse Cedex, France.
Dopaminergic agonists, such as Parlodel(®), are now widely used to inhibit lactation. However, some countries, such as the United States, no longer use these drugs in this indication because of their sometimes serious adverse effects. In this context, the authors tested a homeopathic treatment designed for parturients unable or not wanting to breastfeed. The APIS MELLIFICA 9 CH and BRYONIA 9 CH combination was chosen for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. 71 patients were included in this double-blind placebo-controlled study. All received basic treatment comprising naproxen and fluid restriction. A significant improvement of lactation pain (main criterion of the study) was observed in parturients treated with homeopathy (p<0.02 on D2 and p<0.01 on D4). A similar effect (p<0.05 on D4) was observed for breast tension and spontaneous milk flow. No significant difference was observed for the other criteria of the study. The homeopathic combination studied was therefore effective on the pain of lactation and should be integrated into the therapeutic armamentarium.

====
Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2004 May;43(5):577-82 (ISSN: 1462-0324)
Bell IR; Lewis DA; Brooks AJ; Schwartz GE; Lewis SE; Walsh BT; Baldwin CM
Objective. To assess the efficacy of individualized classical homeopathy in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Methods. This study was a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial of homeopathy. Community-recruited persons (N = 62) with physician-confirmed fibromyalgia (mean age 49 yr, s.d. 10 yr, 94% women) were treated in a homeopathic private practice setting. Participants were randomized to receive oral daily liquid LM (1/50 000) potencies with an individually chosen homeopathic remedy or an indistinguishable placebo. Homeopathic visits involved joint interviews and concurrence on remedy selection by two experienced homeopaths, at baseline, 2 months and 4 months (prior to a subsequent optional crossover phase of the study which is reported elsewhere). Tender point count and tender point pain on examination by a medical assessor uninvolved in providing care, self-rating scales on fibromyalgia-related quality of life, pain, mood and global health at baseline and 3 months, were the primary clinical outcome measures for this report. RESULTS: Fifty-three people completed the treatment protocol. Participants on active treatment showed significantly greater improvements in tender point count and tender point pain, quality of life, global health and a trend toward less depression compared with those on placebo. CONCLUSIONS: This study replicates and extends a previous 1-month placebo-controlled crossover study in fibromyalgia that pre-screened for only one homeopathic remedy. Using a broad selection of remedies and the flexible LM dose (1/50 000 dilution factor) series, the present study demonstrated that individualized homeopathy is significantly better than placebo in lessening tender point pain and improving the quality of life and global health of persons with fibromyalgia.

============
Beckmann-Reinhold A, Schauer U, Wellensiek B, Werner B, Wartenberg A
A homeopathic complex remedy proves efficacious in migraine therapy: a randomized, double blind, parallel group clinical trial.
Headache World, 2000 ;London. Sept 3-7

Objectives: To assess the efficacy and safety of a homeopathic complex remedy compared with placebo in patients with migraine.
Design: Randomized, double-blind, parallel group trial for 20 weeks. Run-in for 4 weeks, 12 weeks of medication and 4 weeks of follow-up examination. Additional, defined medication (triptane, analgesics) was allowed if necessary and was documented by patients in a diary, additionally in an electronic pain recorder system.
Participants: 70 migraine patients (both sexes) with minimum 4 migraine attacks per month. Duration of illness must be more than 1 year. Any migraine prophylaxis was excluded.
Intervention: A homeopathic mixture of Iris Dil.D3, Gelsemium Dil.D4, Cyclamen Dil.D4, Paris quadrifolia Dil.D4, and Asarum europaeum Dil.D4 (three times daily 15 drops) or placebo (three times daily 15 drops) or placebo (three times daily 15 drops).
Aim of treatment: Frequency of migraine attacks and decrease of defined medication.
Results: The main interim results, including 42 of 70 patients. Verum was more effective in decreasing frequency of migraine attacks and reducing defined medication (triptane, analgesics). These reductions were statistically significant. Evaluation of effectiveness and safety by doctors and patients was comparable and verum was significantly better than placebo.
Conclusion: Additional application of homeopathic complex remedy proved to be significant in reducing number of migraine attacks and led to a significant reduction of triptane and analgesics.
******************************************************

Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D
Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial
Pediatr Infect Dis 2001 ;20(2):177-183

Abstract
Methods. A randomized double blind placebo, control pilot study was conducted in a private pediatric practice in Seattle, WA. Seventy-five children ages 18 months to 6 years with middle ear effusion and ear pain and/or fever for no more than 38 h were entered into the study. Children received either an individualized homeopathic medicine or a placebo administered orally three times daily for 5 days, or until symptoms subsided, whichever occurred first. Out-come measures included the number of treatment failures after 5 days,2 weeks and 6 weeks. Diary symptom scores during the first days and middle ear effusion at 2 and 6 weeks after treatment were also evaluated
Results. There were fewer treatment failures in the group receiving homeopathy after 5 day, 2 weeks and 6 weeks with differences of 11.4, 18.4 and 19.9%, respectively, but these differences were not statistically significant. Diary scores showed a significant decrease In symptoms at 24 and 64 h after treatment in favor of homeopathy (P < 0.05).
*******************************************************
Homeopathy for childhood diarrhea: combined results and metaanalysis from three randomized, controlled clinical trials.
Pediatr Infect Dis J 2003 Mar;22(3):229-34 (ISSN: 0891-3668)
Jacobs J; Jonas WB; Jimenez-Perez M; Crothers D
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. jjacobs@igc.org.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a positive treatment effect of individualized homeopathic treatment for acute childhood diarrhea, but sample sizes were small and results were just at or near the level of statistical significance. Because all three studies followed the same basic study design, the combined data from these three studies were analyzed to obtain greater statistical power. METHODS: Three double blind clinical trials of diarrhea in 242 children ages 6 months to 5 years were analyzed as 1 group. Children were randomized to receive either an individualized homeopathic medicine or placebo to be taken as a single dose after each unformed stool for 5 days. Parents recorded daily stools on diary cards, and health workers made home visits daily to monitor children. The duration of diarrhea was defined as the time until there were less than 3 unformed stools per day for 2 consecutive days. A metaanalysis of the effect-size difference of the three studies was also conducted. RESULTS: Combined analysis shows a duration of diarrhea of 3.3 days in the homeopathy group compared with 4.1 in the placebo group (P = 0.008). The metaanalysis shows a consistent effect-size difference of approximately 0.66 day (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: The results from these studies confirm that individualized homeopathic treatment decreases the duration of acute childhood diarrhea and suggest that larger sample sizes be used in future homeopathic research to ensure adequate statistical power. Homeopathy should be considered for use as an adjunct to oral rehydration for this illness.
Inflammation Research
Publisher: Birkhäuser Verlag AG
ISSN: 1023-3830 (Paper) 1420-908X (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s00011-003-1242-0
Issue: Volume 53, Number 5

Date: April 2004
Pages: 181 - 188
Original Paper
Histamine dilutions modulate basophil activation
P. Belon1, J. Cumps2, M. Ennis3 , P. F. Mannaioni4, M. Roberfroid5, J. Sainte-Laudy6 and F. A. C. Wiegant7

(1) Boiron, 20 rue de la Libération, 69110 Sainte-Foy-Les-Lyon, France
(2) UCL 7369, 73 avenue Emmanuel Mounier, 1220 Brussels, Belgium
(3) Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Institute of Clinical Science, The Queens University of Belfast, Grosvenor Road, BT12 6BJ Belfast, United Kingdom
(4) Department of Pharmacology, Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy
(5) Laboratoire de biotoxicologie, 73 avenue Emmanuel Mounier, 1220 Brussels, Belgium
(6) Laboratoire dImmunologie et dAllergologie, 5 boulevard Montparnasse, 75006 Paris, France
(7) Department of Molecular Cell Biology, University of Utrecht, 3508 Utrecht, The Netherlands

Received: 11 December 2002 Accepted: 12 November 2003 Published online: 21 April 2004

Abstract Background:In order to demonstrate that high dilutions of histamine are able to inhibit basophil activation in a reproducible fashion, several techniques were used in different research laboratories.
Objective:The aim of the study was to investigate the action of histamine dilutions on basophil activation.
Methods:Basophil activation was assessed by alcian blue staining, measurement of histamine release and CD63 expression. Study 1 used a blinded multi-centre approach in 4 centres. Study 2, related to the confirmation of the multi-centre study by flow cytometry, was performed independently in 3 laboratories. Study 3 examined the histamine release (one laboratory) and the activity of H2 receptor antagonists and structural analogues (two laboratories).
Results:High dilutions of histamine (10–30–10–38 M) influence the activation of human basophils measured by alcian blue staining. The degree of inhibition depends on the initial level of anti-IgE induced stimulation, with the greatest inhibitory effects seen at lower levels of stimulation. This multicentre study was confirmed in the three laboratories by using flow cytometry and in one laboratory by histamine release. Inhibition of CD63 expression by histamine high dilutions was reversed by cimetidine (effect observed in two laboratories) and not by ranitidine (one laboratory). Histidine tested in parallel with histamine showed no activity on this model.
Conclusions:In 3 different types of experiment, it has been shown that high dilutions of histamine may indeed exert an effect on basophil activity. This activity observed by staining basophils with alcian blue was confirmed by flow cytometry. Inhibition by histamine was reversed by anti-H2 and was not observed with histidine these results being in favour of the specificity of this effect We are however unable to explain our findings and are reporting them to encourage others to investigate this phenomenon.
Basophils - histamine - high dilutions - cimetidine - ranitidine - histidine

Received 11 December 2002; returned for revision 29 January 2003; accepted by A. Falus 12 November 2003
Sceptic's tests support homoeopathy. Now the challenge for scientists is to repeat it

By Steve Connor, Science Editor
http://news.independent.co.uk/world...sp?story=552905

19 August 2004

To some it is the snake oil of the New Age. To others it is a tried-and-trusted treatment that has been good enough for the likes of Bill Clinton, the Prince of Wales, Geri Halliwell and David Beckham.

Homoeopathy is big business and getting bigger. Yet there is little if any evidence to show that it works, and absolutely nothing to justify its central claim - that highly diluted solutions containing nothing but water can affect human health.

That is until now. Researchers have just published what could be the first hard evidence in a peer-reviewed scientific journal that appears to support the central idea behind homoeopathy.

The scientists, from Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and the Netherlands, have chosen the relatively obscure but respected Inflammation Research to publish what some call the "holy grail" of homoeopathy.

In summary, the study found that extremely dilute solutions can have a biological effect. Like homoeopathic remedies, the solutions in the experiments were so diluted that there was no realistic chance of a single molecule of the substance remaining in the liquid.

Scientists have likened this to believing in magic. How could something that was once dissolved in a solution, and can no longer be present in that solution, still have an effect? The scientists themselves are baffled. "We are not yet able to propose any theoretical explanation of these findings," they write. In showing that high dilutions exert a biological effect, the findings seem to break the laws of physics. Surely there must be errors in the experiment; an accusation the scientists reject. "Despite searching for artefacts, we have been unable to find any," they write.

An editorial in Inflammation Research explains why the journal published such controversial research: "The authors are unable to explain their findings but wished to encourage others to investigate this area," it says. "It is with this spirit of openness that the journal, after submitting the paper to a rigorous reviewing process, has agreed to publish the paper."

Understandably, the practitioners of homoeopathy have seized on the findings as vindication. Peter Fisher, of the Royal Homoeopathic Hospital in London and homoeopath to the Queen, said the findings were nothing short of groundbreaking. "History may come to view [the study] as a turning point in the scientific controversy surrounding homoeopathy," Dr Fisher said.

"Of course further repetition is required, but it may be that this represents the holy grail of basic research in homoeopathy," he said.

There are two central tenets of homoeopathy. The first is that an illness or malady can be treated by administering tiny amounts of a substance that might under normal circumstances actually result in similar symptoms - extract of onion for instance to treat hay fever.

The second belief is that the concentrations have to be really minute, so minute that the dilutions involved in effect get rid of the substance in question from the liquid solvent.

Homoeopathic solutions are diluted repeatedly to produce solutions that are millions of times weaker than they were originally. Often the solutions are so weak that they are equivalent to dissolving a tiny speck of something in a volume of water several times greater than all the world's oceans.

Scientifically, this would mean that the chance of just a single molecule of the homoeopathic remedy being left in the solution is next to nil. Sceptics say patients might just as well treat themselves with distilled water - which is cheaper.

Author: Jonas W, Lin Y, Tortella F
Title: Neuroprotection from glutamate toxicity with ultra-low dose glutamate
Neuropharmacology and neurotoxicology 2001 ; 2 (12) : 335-339

Abstract
The protective effects of ultra low doses (ULD) of glutamate against glutamate toxicity was studied in primary rat spinal, cortical and cerebellar neurons. Neurons were exposed to four, subtoxic, ultra-low concentrations of glutamate (10-18 M, 10 -20 M,10 -22 M and 10 -30 M) for 72 h and then subsequently challenged with toxic concentrations (25uM) of glutamate. Neuron viability was consistently 10% higher in the spinal and cortical neurons pre-exposed to glutamate concentrations of 10-18 M, and 10 -22 M, and in cerebellar neurons pre exposed to 10 -20 M and 10 -30 M. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy and the fluorescent calcium probe fluo-3, we found no alterations in intracellular calcium dynamics in the protected cells. This protective effect is consistent with a growing body of evidence for tolerance induced by low-dose toxin exposure but is the first time that such tolerance has been demonstrated with ultra-low glutamate exposure. Our data show that pre-exposure of neuronal cells to ULD glutamate can protect against subsequent exposure to toxic levels of glutamate.
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 10.01.2009 - 20:42
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






Самые свежие, но на английском языке, научные исследования в гомеопатии:
BMC Public Health. 2008 Dec.
How healthy are chronically ill patients after eight years of homeopathic treatment? - Results from a long term observational study.
Witt CM, Ludtke R, Mengler N, Willich SN.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Homeopathy is a highly debated but often used medical treatment. With this cohort we aimed to evaluate health status changes under homeopathic treatment in routine care. Here we extend former results, now presenting data of an 8-year follow-up. METHODS: In a prospective, multicentre cohort study with 103 homeopathic primary care practices in Germany and Switzerland, data from all patients (age >1 year) consulting the physician for the first time were observed. The main outcome measures were: The patients' perceived change in complaint severity (numeric rating scales from 0= no complaint to 10= maximal severity) and quality of life as measured by the SF-36 at baseline, and after 2 and 8 years. RESULTS: A total of 3,709 patients were studied, 73% (2,722 adults, 72.8% female, age at baseline 41.0+/-12.3; 819 children, 48.4% female, age 6.5+/-4.0) contributed data to the 8-year follow-up. The most frequent diagnoses were allergic rhinitis and headache in adults, and atopic dermatitis and multiple recurrent infections in children. Disease severity decreased significantly (p<0.001) between baseline, 2 and 8 years (adults from 6.2+/-1.7 to 2.9+/-2.2 and 2.7+/-2.1; children from 6.1+/-1.8 to 2.1+/-2.0 and 1.7+/-1.9). Physical and mental quality of life sores also increased considerably. Younger age, female gender and more severe disease at baseline were factors predictive of better therapeutic success. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who seek homeopathic treatment are likely to improve considerably. These effects maintain for as long as 8 years.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1909108...Pubmed_RVDocSum

J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Dec.
Complementary and alternative medicine: attitudes and patterns of use by German physicians in a national survey.
Stange R, Amhof R, Moebus S.
Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. r.stange@immanuel.de
OBJECTIVE: To generate valid data on attitudes about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as well as patterns of use in a large stochastic sample of general practitioner physicians and specialists. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in a large random sample of 516 German outpatient care physicians with qualifications in 13 medical fields representative of a basic population of 118,085 statutory health insurance physicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Telephone interviews with 36 wide-ranging questions about CAM attitudes and preferred techniques were conducted in November and December 2005 as part of a national healthcare survey. RESULTS: In our sample, 51% were in favor of CAM use (26% were very much in favor, 25% were in favor). The methods most frequently prescribed (combining answers for "very often" and "at times") were physical therapy (71%), phytomedicine (67%), exercise (63%), nutrition and dieting (62%), massage (61%), relaxation techniques (55%), followed by more typical CAM interventions such as homeopathy (38%), acupuncture (37%), and traditional Chinese medicine (18%). Primary care physicians were significantly more inclined to use CAM than were specialists. No striking differences were observed with respect to gender or age. CONCLUSIONS: This survey demonstrates a broader acceptance and practice of CAM by physicians than hitherto believed. Methods traditionally known as "natural medicine" were more frequently used than more typical CAM procedures. Further research should focus on physicians' differing motivations and observed results.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1912387...Pubmed_RVDocSum
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008 Sep.
Patient satisfaction and side effects in primary care: an observational study comparing homeopathy and conventional medicine.
Marian F, Joost K, Saini KD, von Ammon K, Thurneysen A, Busato A.
Institute for Evaluative Research in Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Bern, Stauffacherstrasse 78, Bern, Switzerland. florence.marian@kikom.unibe.ch
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a nationwide evaluation of complementary medicine in Switzerland (Programme Evaluation of Complementary Medicine PEK) and was funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. The main objective of this study is to investigate patient satisfaction and perception of side effects in homeopathy compared with conventional care in a primary care setting. METHODS: We examined data from two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2002-2003. The first study was a physician questionnaire assessing structural characteristics of practices. The second study was conducted on four given days during a 12-month period in 2002/2003 using a physician and patient questionnaire at consultation and a patient questionnaire mailed to the patient one month later (including Europep questionnaire).The participating physicians were all trained and licensed in conventional medicine. An additional qualification was required for medical doctors providing homeopathy (membership in the Swiss association of homeopathic physicians SVHA). RESULTS: A total of 6778 adult patients received the questionnaire and 3126 responded (46.1%). Statistically significant differences were found with respect to health status (higher percentage of chronic and severe conditions in the homeopathic group), perception of side effects (higher percentage of reported side effects in the conventional group) and patient satisfaction (higher percentage of satisfied patients in the homeopathic group). CONCLUSION: Overall patient satisfaction was significantly higher in homeopathic than in conventional care. Homeopathic treatments were perceived as a low-risk therapy with two to three times fewer side effects than conventional care.
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
Вадим
Дата 2.04.2011 - 00:32
Цитировать сообщение
Offline



Модератор
Group Icon

Профиль
Группа: Модераторы
Сообщений: 5488
Регистрация: 21.04.2004
Репутация: 3
Возраст: 65
Откуда: Россия. г. Иркутск






Edzard Ernst. The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine, An evidence-based approach. Second Edition. 2006. стр. 326-329.
user posted image
http://www.amazon.com/Desktop-Guide-Comple...133&sr=1-16
Homeopathy.
Definition.
A therapeutic method, often using highly diluted preparations of substances whose effects when administered to healthy subjects correspond to the manifestations of the disorder (symptoms, clinical signs and pathological states) in the unwell patient.
Related techniques.
Autoisopathy, biochemic medicine, homotoxicology, isopathy, tautopathy.
Background.
Homeopathy was founded by the German physician Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) and became popular first in Europe and later in the US during the second half of the 19th century. With the advent of effective drug treatments in the early part of the 20th century, its popularity decreased in most countries. Today, it is again becoming more widely available due to a general trend towards CAM. Many schools of homeopathy exist.
Traditional concepts.
Homeopathy is built on two key principles. The law of similars or ‘like cures like’ principle states that a remedy which causes a certain symptom (e.g. a headache) in healthy volunteers can be used to treat a headache in patients who suffer from it. According to the second principle, homeopathic remedies become stronger rather than weaker when submitted to ‘potentisation’, which describes the stepwise dilution combined with ‘succussion’, i.e. vigorous shaking of the mixture. Thus remedies are believed to be clinically effective even if they are so dilute that they are likely not to contain a single molecule of the original substance.
Scientific rationale.
Examples can be found where the `like cures like’ principle does apply (e.g. digitalis), but it is not a universal principle or natural law. Presently there is no scientific rationale for understanding how remedies devoid of pharmacologically active molecules produce clinical effects. Homeopathic `provings’, which form the basis for therapeutic selection, often yield negative results or lack scientific rigour.
Practitioners.
Homeopathy is practiced by both medically qualified and non-medically qualified practitioners.
Conditions frequently treated.
Homeopaths do not usually use conventional disease categories. Their aim is to match a patient’s individual symptoms with a ‘drug picture’ (i.e. a set of symptoms caused by a remedy in healthy volunteers). Homeopaths often see patients with benign chronic conditions, e.g. ear, nose and throat disorders, headaches, musculoskeletal and digestive problems, respiratory and skin complaints, stress and anxiety [1,2,3].
Typical session.
A first consultation might take 1½ hours or longer. Homeopaths take a thorough history and explore the patient’s problems in much detail, with a view to finding the optimally matching homeopathic drug (‘similimum’). They put less emphasis on physical examination than conventional physicians.
Course of treatment.
Homeopaths believe that the treatment of long-standing problems is necessarily prolonged. Thus they would typically insist on several consultations during which their prescriptions can be altered according to the changes in symptomatology.
Clinical evidence.
A meta-analysis [4] of all homeopathic, placebo-controlled or randomised trials suggested that the risk ratio for clinical improvement with homeopathy was 2.45 times that with placebo. This publication has attracted much criticism and 6 re-analyses of these data failed to demonstrate efficacy [5]. Similarly, 11 independent systematic reviews of homeopathy did not generate convincing evidence of efficacy [5] and one meta-analytical comparison of 110 homoeopathy trials and 110 matched conventional-medicine trials concluded that the clinical effects of homeopathy were unspecific placebo effects [6]. This includes conditions such as postoperative ileus, delayed onset muscle soreness, migraine prophylaxis, chronic asthma, and osteoarthritis [3]. Only in 2 areas were the conclusions positive: influenza [7] and rheumatic conditions [8]. Since the publication of these systematic reviews, the results of RCTs have been mixed. Encouraging findings were reported for fibromyalgia [9], low back pain [10], chronic fatigue syndrome [11], pain of unwanted lactation [12], mild traumatic brain injury [13], childhood diarrhoea [14], and glue ear [15]. Negative results emerged for rheumatoid arthritis [16], ankylosing spondylitis [17], otitis media [18], generalised anxiety disorder [19] and asthma [20]. Many of the primary studies of homeopathy have serious methodological limitations [21].
Risks.
Contraindications.
Life-threatening conditions, pregnancy and lactation (see p 5).
Precautions/warnings
Do not expose remedies to bright light or other radiation and pungent smells. Some homeopaths advise their clients against immunisation of children [23,24].
Adverse effects.
In about one quarter of cases, homeopaths observe an aggravation of symptoms (which is believed to be a positive sign indicating that the correct remedy has been given) [24]. In low dilutions, homeopathic remedies can have adverse effects such as allergic reactions.
Interactions.
Some medicines (e.g. corticosteroids, antibiotics) are believed to block the actions of homeopathic drugs.
Risk–benefit assessment.
Based on the available trial evidence to date, the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies can be neither confirmed nor ruled out. There are few risks associated with homeopathy. Thus the evidence is insufficient for firm recommendations.
Библиографию выложу позднее со ссылками только на PubMed!
Принимается бескорыстная помощь в виде переводов!
PMПисьмо на e-mail пользователю
Вверх
0 Пользователей читают эту тему (0 Гостей и 0 Скрытых Пользователей)
0 Пользователей:

Опции темы Страницы: (2) [1] 2  Ответ в тему Создание новой темы Создание опроса



Быстрый переход:
 
Оценка топика:
 Поиск в топике:
Вверх



[ Время генерации скрипта: 0.0221 ]   [ Использовано запросов: 14 ]   [ GZIP включён ]


> Материалы о медицине и здоровье
ПРАВИЛА РАЗДЕЛА!, ???????? ????? ????????? ????!!! СТАТЬЯ. Ромашка аптечная., ??????????????? ???????. What is homeopathy?, a 34mb large movieclip. Опухоли мозга., ??????????????? ???????.
Атопический дерматит (нейродермит) и себорейный дерматит Нарушения памяти - виды памяти, основные расстройства памяти Нарушения сердечного ритма - аритмии, экстрасистолии, перебои в области сердца, сердце "колотится" Некоторые аспекты амбулаторной гастроэнтерологической патологии


Up